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Hà Nội, ngày…….tháng……..năm 2017
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Time allowed: 45 minutes
Read this article about pollution and see how much you agree with what the writer has to say
on the subject. Are these statements (1-8) true (T), false (F) or not given (NG).
LIVING IN THE MODERN WORLD
Pollution is one of the greatest problems facing mankind. The nuclear accident at Chernobyl
and the poisoning of the river Rhine by chemicals are just two recent examples of disasters
affecting the environment. What can be done? Some people say there is no practical sollution.
However, I believe the problem can be dealt with on three levels: internationally, nationally,
and last but not least, on a personal level.
Let us begin by looking at the type of international action that can be taken. The first point I
would like to make is that, when a disaster such as that at Chernobyl occurs, it affects millions
of people. Radiation does not respect international borders. In my opinion, there should be
strict safety regulations governing the construction of reactors. Furthermore, reactors should
be regularly inspected by teams of international experts. Similarly, if a country wishes to get
rid of nuclear waste by dumping it at sea, it should only be allowed once the matter has been
thoroughly discussed by all the countries that would be affected. Environmental disasters can
Let us now look at what can be done on a national level. Governments must be prepared to
take action against pollution. For instance, air pollution could be reduced if car manufacturers
and companies were made to fit effective filters on car exhausts and factory chimneys. These
measures would in turn help to reduce the damage caused to lakes and forests by acid rain.
Lastly, what can we do as individuals? Firstly, I believe we should all be prepared to make
changes to our lifestyles. Personally, I try and use public transport or my bicycle as much as
possible. When I buy petrol, I make sure that it is the lead free variety. Secondly, we can
protest against companies responsible for pollution by making our opinions known and hitting
them in the pocket. For example, if the public boycotted products such as aerosols, which
English test – A2